Puisi : Istana Langit

Memandang ke angkasa lepas
biru,putih bahkan abu-abu
warnamu menampakkan
Tak terbayang jika manusia
berpijak di atasnya

Apa yang akan dirasa,
senang, gembira pasti bahagia disana.
Memang manusia tak berhak tinggal
Apalagi tidur di istana langit
Hanya Tuhan sang pencipta alam

Yang menguasai jagad raya,
Yang bersemayam didalamnya
Untuk mengatur kehidupan ini
sampai kiamat nanti tiba


This is a single page leaflet advertising a nightclub, event, service, or other activity. Flyers are typically used by individuals or businesses to promote their products or services. They are a form of mass marketing or small scale, community communication. The verb "flyering" or "fliering" has evolved as a colloquial expression meaning "to put up flyers".


Gambar foto (seringnya disingkatkan menjadi foto) ialah imej yang dicipta oleh cahaya yang jatuh pada permukaan peka cahaya, biasanya filem fotografi atau pengimej elektronik seperti peranti caj terganding (CCD) atau cip semikonduktor oksida logam pelengkap (CMOS). Kebanyakan gambar foto dicipta oleh kamera yang menggunakan kanta untuk memfokus panjang gelombang cahaya nampak daripada sesuatu pemandangan demi membuat salinan yang dapat dilihat dengan mata manusia. Proses dan amalan untuk mencipta gambar foto dikenali sebagai fotografi. Perkataan "fotograf" dicipta oleh Sir John Herschel pada 1839, berdasarkan perkataan Greek, "perlambangan menerusi garis" atau "lukisan", dan bersama-sama membawa pengertian "melukis dengan cahaya".


Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object or a system (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawing, business process, circuit diagrams and sewing patterns).Design has different connotations in different fields (see design disciplines below). In some cases the direct construction of an object (as in pottery, engineering, management, cowboy coding and graphic design) is also considered as design.

More formally design has been defined as follows. (noun) a specification of an object, manifested by an agent, intended to accomplish goals, in a particular environment, using a set of primitive components, satisfying a set of requirements, subject to constraints;(verb, transitive) to create a design, in an environment (where the designer operates)

Aku dan Pak Zam

Genaplah tahun keempat puluh dua rusuhan kaum yang menjadi sejarah hitam Negara. Aku masih lagi di sini. Selepas pemergian ayah dan ibu sepuluh tahun yang lalu, aku bahagia di samping keluarga Melayu di pekan yang menemukan aku dan Pak Zam serta suasana harmoni lapisan bangsa. Pak Zam sudah lama menemui Tuhan ekoran penyakit lemah jantung yang dihadapi. Aku begitu selesa dengan kehidupan bersama-sama bangsa lain. Perhubungan itu menjadi lebih erat apabila disusuli kemesraan, tambahan perkahwinanku dengan anak Pak Zam menjadi pelengkapnya. Itulah nikmat yang dikatakan Pak Zam ketika lewat perbualan arwah ayah dengannya.

Khabar Embun tidak lagi aku ketahui sehingga kini. Kali terakhir aku bertemu dengannya sewaktu aku berada di menara gading. Embun juga berjaya melanjutkan pelajaran di universiti terkemuka. Aku tidak mahu meratap perpisahan yang melangkaui persahatan antara Aku dengan Embun. Keeratannya terlerai dek hasutan dakyah siasah yang berbeza dan kebimbangan yang menaungi seluruh warga kampung itu. Tetapi, aku akan lebih bersedih sekiranya kesepaduan antara masyarakat terisi dengan anasir hitam yang dicipta oleh anggotanya sendiri.

Haluan yang bersimpang menyebabkan pergolakan demi pergolakan akan timbul. Biarlah rusuhan kaum yang berlaku dahulu menjadi pedoman kepada sang penguasa yang berkuasa dan rakyat yang mempunyai suara.

The Beginning of Hardcore influnced

Hardcore punk (often referred to simply as hardcore) is a music genre that originated in the late 1970s, following the mainstream success of punk rock. Hardcore is generally faster, thicker, and heavier than earlier punk rock. The origin of the term "hardcore punk" is uncertain. The Vancouver-based band D.O.A. may have helped to popularize the term with the title of their 1981 album, Hardcore '81.
Hardcore has spawned the straight edge movement and its associated submovements, hardline and youth crew. Hardcore was heavily involved with the rise of the independent record labels in the 1980s, and with the DIY ethics in underground music scenes. It has influenced a number of music genres which have experienced mainstream success, such as alternative rock, metalcore, grunge, thrash metal, emo and post-hardcore.

Hardcore sprouted underground scenes across the United States in the early 1980s — particularly in Washington, D.C., California, New York/New Jersey, and Boston—as well as in Canada and the United Kingdom.

While traditional hardcore has never experienced mainstream commercial success, some of its early pioneers have garnered appreciation over time. Black Flag's album Damaged was included in Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in 2003, and the Dead Kennedys have seen one of their albums reach gold status over a period of 25 years. Although the music started in English-speaking western countries, scenes have also existed in Brazil, Japan, Europe and The Middle East.

Introducing Hardcore Techno

In the past 20 years electronic music created many genres that have fans all over the world. One of the most popular among them is Hardcore.

It emerged around the world (USA, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Belgium and the UK), in the early-to-mid-1990s. What makes it different is that this kind of sound is typified by a fast tempo, above 130bpm(Beats per Minute) and the rhythmic use of distorted and atonal industrial-like beats and samples. Mainly, hardcore is composed using music sequencers, thus many earlier tracks were produced on home computers with module tracker software and virtual studio software like Fruity Loops Studio, Ableton Live, Cubase, Logic, Nuendo and Reason.

The hardcore scene, with all its sub-genres, constantly grew, and many labels, entertainment companies saw a need in organizing parties and festivals,that every year gather hundreds of thousands of fans. Although it is an important genre of music in general , information about it are few. Thus the main purpose of this blog is to show, on one hand, a brief history of hardcore and, on the other hand, to describe an image about it and its sub-genres.

You will find here some bits of history, according to the location where it evolved, the artists index and the description of sub-genres like gabber, hardstyle, speedcore, digital hardcore, darkcore and more.

In the same time, comments for every article are enabled so that if you have more details about it, you can let us know. So, we invite you all, fans, producers, dj's to share with us your knowledge. We will greatly appreciate new details and information and we assure you that we will update the articles based on your comment. Last, but not least, the information here are not ours. We do not take fully credit for it. The resources are listed below on this page. 


When and where did it begin?
By 1987 a German party scene based around the Chicago sound was well established. The following year (1988) saw acid house making as significant an impact on popular consciousness in Germany as it had in England. In 1989 German DJs Westbam and Dr.Motte established UFO, an illegal party venue, and co-founded the Love Parade. After the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989, free underground techno parties mushroomed in East Berlin, and a rave scene comparable to that in the UK was established. But in 1991 a number of party venues closed, including UFO ,and the Berlin Techno scene centered itself around three locations close to the foundations of the Berlin Wall: Planet (later renamed E-Werk by Paul van Dyk), Der Bunker, and The relatively long-lived Tresor. In the same period German DJs began intensifying the speed and abrasiveness of the sound, as an acid infused techno began transmuting into hardcore. DJ Tanith commented at the time that: “Berlin was always hardcore, hardcore hippie, hardcore punk, and now we have a very hardcore house sound. At the moment the tracks I play are an average one hundred and thirty five beats per minute and every few months we add fifteen more.”

2. United Kingdom

Early Hardcore producers such as SL2, Hyper-On Experience, DJ Jonny L and Sonz of a Loop da Loop Era, along with record labels such as Moving Shadow, Reinforced, XL and Formation evolved in a period where Techno was developing a harder edge, exploring the complex breakbeats that would later manifest themselves as Jungle and the subsequent development of Drum and Bass. The stylistic influence of techno including the movie, cartoon and media samples, and powerful synthesizer-based breakdowns characterized this earlier form of UK Hardcore, which some believed to have hit its first peak in 1992. For example, some fan websites go so far as to hyperbolically proclaim "1992 was the best year for music, EVER!" With the diversity in sound available to producers rising with the onset of progressively more advanced computer and music production systems, electronic music was evolving at a rapid pace during this period. Hardcore, Techno, and Drum and Bass began split during this intense period of creativity, spinning off the genres Ragga and Darkside. The United Kingdom-based rave hardcore scene of the 1990s encompassed several native styles through the years, techno and hardcore being the respective dominant genres in the North and South of the country for much of this period.

Through a combination of factors, hardcore had taken a new musical direction towards the latter half of the 1990s. It now had little musical resemblance to its origins, generally becoming more vocal-based and at times producing cover versions of popular songs. This sound attracted a younger audience in the UK. Elsewhere at this time, this particular sound had found a new worldwide audience in places such as Australia, Canada, Japan and the United States. Producers looked to regenerate the United Kingdom rave hardcore music scene towards the end of the 20th century, taking influence from many different styles whilst trying to leave the late 1990s happy hardcore image behind. Their sound was called UK Hardcore; it has seen new producers enter the scene. This emerging sound is thought to have been influenced by Dutch gabber and Belgian hardcore; styles that were in their own perverse way paying homage to Underground Resistance and Richie Hawtin’s Plus8 Records. This current sound similarly has also found followers from all corners of the globe. Hardcore also received its own special in 2004 on BBC Radio 1 entitled John Peel Is Not Enough named after a CLSM track of the same name.

3. The Netherlands

It was here where first gabber/hardcore track appeared - We Have Arrived (1990) by Mescalinum United.
Dutch Hardcore music is a fusion of techno and industrial blended in a dark atmosphere, experimental and hard. One of first Dutch hardcore tracks was Rotterdam Termination Source's Poing (1992) which became a major hit. The record shop Midtown in the Nieuwe Binnenweg of Rotterdam is considered one of the shrines of Gabber music. During the early 90’s hardcore takes the rawest side of ‘acid’ and techno sound (including Belgian ‘new beat’ and some of Underground Resistance’s harder material) and pushes it to the furthest extremes of noise and speed. Frankfurt’s Planet Core Productions label and The Netherlands’ Rotterdam Records promote the sound in Europe, while Lenny Dee’s Industrial Strength label in NYC does it stateside (triggering the growth of the hardcore scene in Chicago, featuring DJ Delta 9, and the entire Milwaukee scene, represented by Drop Bass Network).

The mid 90s free festival scene represents the culmination of underground techno events in Europe, birthing such notable hardcore techno collectives as Spiral Tribe and Network 23. But as each country slowly latches down on party-goers, the scene is forced to retreat, and only really survives in France and Netherlands, where the hardcore scene delivers hard-hitting political critiques of the status quo through its devastating music. After surviving underground for a number of years, in 2002 the style has became more popular again in the Netherlands, although the sound is more mature, darker and industrial. Around the world, it never lost its original grip, and music was evolving and creating new subgenres and approaches, from Digital Hardcore to Breakcore, from Noisecore to Speedcore. As hardcore continues to grow, each different type of hardcore (each subgenre) begins to attract a larger fan base and more support from producers.

Hardcore Breaks

Written in the style of old-skool rave music or breakbeat hardcore using modern technology and production techniques. Hardcore breaks is a genre of electronic music written in the style of old skool rave music or breakbeat hardcore using modern technology. The music is composed of from looped, edited and processed breakbeat samples, intense bassline sounds, melodic piano lines, staccato synthesizer riffs, and various vocal samples (frequently taken from old house records).

The speed of this genre typically falls between the range of 145-155 BPM, although there are exceptions within a 10 BPM buffer on each side, and the DJ will often change the speed when playing at a rave. Originally being produced by a small group of artists with the vision of carrying on where oldskool hardcore left off before the jungle/happy hardcore split using new production techniques and technology, its appeal has now expanded to include artists from the original breakbeat hardcore scene creating new productions. Many large rave promotions now include hardcore breaks on the line up and it is recognised as its own entity. Hardcore Breaks together with Rave Breaks and J-tek is considered to be part of the Nu-Rave scene.

Hardcore Mainstream

1. Hardstyle
Originated from hard trance, gabber and rave music with influences from UK hard house and jumpstyle. The place of origin is believed to be the Netherlands, where the first hardstyle events started near the end of 1999 and the beginning of 2000. Persons accredited in the development of the style is Dov J. Elkabas aka The Prophet, Raoul Van Grinsven aka Dj Zany, Wouter and Sjoerd Janssen aka Showtek and Dana van Dreven aka Lady Dana.

In 2007 the style started becoming popular in several countries in the world, including: Belgium, Poland, Estonia, Denmark, Australia, South Africa and United Kingdom. The English sound was very popular in the Netherlands for a short time, but it soon appeared that the Dutch public preferred a harder bassline. Artists like Dana, and Pavo & The Prophet combined the English sound with new productions. This sound also gained some popularity in Germany, where it was picked up by the German label Tracid Traxxx (who defined their own sound as a combination of trance and acid), and later also by Blutonium Records and Resident E Recordings.

Afterwards, hardstyle productions briefly became popular in Italy, and later in Germany. This led to the emergenece of new hardstyle which eventually arrived at and became popular in the Netherlands. Q-Dance organised a monthly event in the (known today as the North Sea Venue) under the name Qlubtempo, an event which could be called the melting pot of the Hardstyle. Nowadays hardstyle events are very common in Dutch clubs. Artists who had never performed in the Netherlands before were flown over to bring there the new sound. Artists such as Technoboy, Super Marco May, and Gary D acquired a large reputation in the Netherlands this way.

Hardstyle is a rising star the same way house music was, with events like Qlimax, Hardbass, Defcon.1 and many more the hardstyle sound gathers tens of thousands of fans from all over the world.

2. Industrial hardcore
Industrial Hardcore is an umbrella term for Hardcore with Industrial elements. It is used in many Hardcore subgenres, which are mostly slow such as Darkcore and Doomcore, but also in more uptempo styles like underground Frenchcore and Speedcore. Typical sounds used in the background are factory noises, playing around with radio frequencies, sounds of rusty metal and distorting and effecting these sounds even further. Often the artists spend some time finding and recording these to samples.

Industrial Hardcore sound strives to be more mature and less cheesy rather than the dancefloor oriented Mainstream Hardcore. Another difference is that the kicks are usually rougher and more distorted, but generally the sound quality standard of the tracks is very high. Industrial Hardcore is actually very far from original Industrial/Goth scene music. However, inside the Goth/Industrial scene there are also producers of the EBM and electronic Industrial style that sound very similar to Industrial Hardcore of the Hardcore scene. One such band is Alter der Ruine and another one, that has crossed the boundaries of these 2 scenes, is Terrokfakt.

3. Trancecore
This term is often used when talking about modern day Happy Hardcore and Freeform. The term also has a different meaning. Trancecore from Holland is a combination of Psytrance, Acid and Hardcore. The tracks have more drive than Mainstream Hardcore tracks. Trancecore strives to be melodic and it does not only concentrate on the bassdrum. Artists on Cenobite Records were the first who were focusing on this subgenre. Cenobite didn't make it past the recession period of hardcore in Holland, but it came back in 2005. As of the year 2001 Ferox and Ki-Real continued and developed Trancecore further. They combined more modern Hardcore sounds with the old concept.

After Cenobite came back they have continued to develop it as well, however compared to Ferox some of the contemporary artists produce Trancecore closer to Mainstream H